$S^3$: Increasing GPU Utilization during Generative Inference for Higher Throughput

Published: 21 Sept 2023, Last Modified: 09 Jan 2024NeurIPS 2023 posterEveryoneRevisionsBibTeX
Keywords: Throughput, GPU utilization, Sequence length prediction
TL;DR: We increase the text generation throughput and GPU utilization by predicting the output sequence length and scheduling queries based on the prediction.
Abstract: Generating texts with a large language model (LLM) consumes massive amounts of memory. Apart from the already-large model parameters, the key/value (KV) cache that holds information about previous tokens in a sequence can grow to be even larger than the model itself. This problem is exacerbated in one of the current LLM serving frameworks which reserves the maximum sequence length of memory for the KV cache to guarantee generating a complete sequence as they do not know the output sequence length. This restricts us to use a smaller batch size leading to lower GPU utilization and above all, lower throughput. We argue that designing a system with a priori knowledge of the output sequence can mitigate this problem. To this end, we propose $S^3$, which predicts the output sequence length, schedules generation queries based on the prediction to increase device resource utilization and throughput, and handle mispredictions. Our proposed method achieves 6.49× throughput over those systems that assume the worst case for the output sequence length.
Supplementary Material: gz
Submission Number: 10353