Partial Label Learning with Dissimilarity Propagation guided Candidate Label Shrinkage

Published: 21 Sept 2023, Last Modified: 02 Nov 2023NeurIPS 2023 posterEveryoneRevisionsBibTeX
Keywords: partial label learning, dissimilarity propagation, candidate label shrinkage
TL;DR: We propose a novel model to handle the partial label learning problem based on dissimilarity propagation.
Abstract: In partial label learning (PLL), each sample is associated with a group of candidate labels, among which only one label is correct. The key of PLL is to disambiguate the candidate label set to find the ground-truth label. To this end, we first construct a constrained regression model to capture the confidence of the candidate labels, and multiply the label confidence matrix by its transpose to build a second-order similarity matrix, whose elements indicate the pairwise similarity relationships of samples globally. Then we develop a semantic dissimilarity matrix by considering the complement of the intersection of the candidate label set, and further propagate the initial dissimilarity relationships to the whole data set by leveraging the local geometric structure of samples. The similarity and dissimilarity matrices form an adversarial relationship, which is further utilized to shrink the solution space of the label confidence matrix and promote the dissimilarity matrix. We finally extend the proposed model to a kernel version to exploit the non-linear structure of samples and solve the proposed model by the inexact augmented Lagrange multiplier method. By exploiting the adversarial prior, the proposed method can significantly outperform state-of-the-art PLL algorithms when evaluated on 10 artificial and 7 real-world partial label data sets. We also prove the effectiveness of our method with some theoretical guarantees. The code is publicly available at
Supplementary Material: pdf
Submission Number: 5956