Learning to Sample MRI via Variational Information MaximizationDownload PDF

Published: 06 Jul 2022, Last Modified: 05 May 2023NeurIPS 2020 Deep Inverse Workshop PosterReaders: Everyone
Keywords: variational information maximization, inverse problems, optimal sampling, MRI, convolutional neutral nets, uncertainty autoencoders
TL;DR: We present a framework for learning the sampling pattern in MRI jointly with reconstruction using variational information maximization.
Abstract: Accelerating MRI scans requires optimal sampling of k-space data. This is however a daunting task due to the discrete and non-convex nature of sampling optimization. To cope with this challenge, we put forth a novel deep learning framework that leverages uncertainty autoencoders to enable joint optimization of sampling pattern and reconstruction of MRI scans. We represent the encoder as a non-uniform Fast Fourier Transform that allows {\it continuous} optimization of k-space samples on a non-Cartesian plane, while the decoder is a deep reconstruction network. Our approach is universal in a sense that it can be used with any reconstruction network. Experiments with knee MRI shows improved reconstruction quality of our data-driven sampling over the prevailing variable-density sampling.
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