Multi-Segment Preserving Sampling for Deep Manifold SamplerDownload PDF

Published: 05 Apr 2022, Last Modified: 05 May 2023MLDD OralReaders: Everyone
Keywords: Denoising autoencoders, deep manifold sampler, iterative sampling, protein design, antibody design
TL;DR: We introduce an iterative, segment-preserving sampling procedure using the deep manifold sampler and apply it to antibody design.
Abstract: Deep generative modeling for biological sequences presents a unique challenge in reconciling the bias-variance trade-off between explicit biological insight and model flexibility. The deep manifold sampler was recently proposed as a means to iteratively sample variable-length protein sequences. Sampling was done by exploiting the gradients from a function predictor trained on top of the manifold sampler. In this work, we introduce an alternative approach to guided sampling that enables the direct inclusion of domain-specific knowledge by designating preserved and non-preserved segments along the input sequence, thereby restricting variation to only select regions. We call this method ``multi-segment preserving sampling" and present its effectiveness in the context of antibody design. We train two models: a deep manifold sampler and a GPT-2 language model on nearly six million heavy chain sequences annotated with the \textit{IGHV1-18} gene. During sampling, we restrict variation to only the complementarity-determining region 3 (CDR3) of the input. We obtain log probability scores from a GPT-2 model for each sampled CDR3 and demonstrate that multi-segment preserving sampling generates reasonable designs while maintaining the desired, preserved regions.
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