Private and Robust Federated Learning using Private Information Retrieval and Norm BoundingDownload PDF

Published: 21 Oct 2022, Last Modified: 05 May 2023FL-NeurIPS 2022 PosterReaders: Everyone
Abstract: Federated Learning (FL) is a distributed learning paradigm that enables mutually untrusting clients to collaboratively train a common machine learning model. Client data privacy is paramount in FL. At the same time, the model must be protected from poisoning attacks from adversarial clients. Existing solutions address these two problems in isolation. We present FedPerm, a new FL algorithm that addresses both these problems by combining norm bounding for model robustness with a novel intra-model parameter shuffling technique that amplifies data privacy by means of Private Information Retrieval (PIR) based techniques that permit cryptographic aggregation of clients' model updates. The combination of these techniques helps the federation server constrain parameter updates from clients so as to curtail effects of model poisoning attacks by adversarial clients. We further present FedPerm's unique hyperparameters that can be used effectively to trade off computation overheads with model utility. Our empirical evaluation on the MNIST dataset demonstrates FedPerm's effectiveness over existing Differential Privacy (DP) enforcement solutions in FL.
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