Physics-Regulated Deep Reinforcement Learning: Invariant Embeddings

Published: 16 Jan 2024, Last Modified: 24 Mar 2024ICLR 2024 spotlightEveryoneRevisionsBibTeX
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Keywords: Physics-informed deep reinforcement learning, Safety-critical autonomous systems
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TL;DR: Physics-regulated DRL
Abstract: This paper proposes the Phy-DRL: a physics-regulated deep reinforcement learning (DRL) framework for safety-critical autonomous systems. The Phy-DRL has three distinguished invariant-embedding designs: i) residual action policy (i.e., integrating data-driven-DRL action policy and physics-model-based action policy), ii) automatically constructed safety-embedded reward, and iii) physics-model-guided neural network (NN) editing, including link editing and activation editing. Theoretically, the Phy-DRL exhibits 1) a mathematically provable safety guarantee and 2) strict compliance of critic and actor networks with physics knowledge about the action-value function and action policy. Finally, we evaluate the Phy-DRL on a cart-pole system and a quadruped robot. The experiments validate our theoretical results and demonstrate that Phy-DRL features guaranteed safety compared to purely data-driven DRL and solely model-based design while offering remarkably fewer learning parameters and fast training towards safety guarantee.
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Primary Area: reinforcement learning
Submission Number: 1772