Importance of Synthesizing High-quality Data for Text-to-SQL ParsingDownload PDF

03 Oct 2022 (modified: 29 Apr 2024)Neurips 2022 SyntheticData4MLReaders: Everyone
Keywords: Natural language processing, semantic parsing, data synthesis, data augmentation, text-to-sql
TL;DR: We proposed a new data synthesis framework for text-to-SQL and designed an intermediate representation to bridge SQL-to-NLQ generation, which can further improve the state-of-the-art performance on Spider benchmark.
Abstract: There has been increasing interest in synthesizing data to improve downstream text-to-SQL tasks. In this paper, we examined the existing synthesized datasets and discovered that state-of-the-art text-to-SQL algorithms did not further improve on popular benchmarks when trained with augmented synthetic data. We observed two shortcomings: illogical synthetic SQL queries from independent column sampling and arbitrary table joins. To address these issues, we propose a novel synthesis framework that incorporates key relationships from schema, imposes strong typing, and conducts schema-distance-weighted column sampling. We also adopt an intermediate representation (IR) for the SQL-to-text task to further improve the quality of the generated natural language questions. When existing powerful semantic parsers are pre-finetuned on our high-quality synthesized data, these models have significant accuracy boosts and achieve new state-of-the-art performance on Spider.
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