Learning Quadruped Locomotion Policies using Logical Rules

Published: 12 Feb 2024, Last Modified: 06 Mar 2024ICAPS 2024EveryoneRevisionsBibTeXCC BY 4.0
Keywords: Learning, Robotics, Quadruped Locomotion, Reward Machine
TL;DR: Through reward machines, we specify and learn a diverse set of quadruped locomotion gaits which we demonstrate on hardware
Abstract: Quadruped animals are capable of exhibiting a diverse range of locomotion gaits. While progress has been made in demonstrating such gaits on robots, current methods rely on motion priors, dynamics models, or other forms of extensive manual efforts. People can use natural language to describe dance moves. Could one use a formal language to specify quadruped gaits? To this end, we aim to enable easy gait specification and efficient policy learning. Leveraging Reward Machines (RMs) for high-level gait specification over foot contacts, our approach is called RM-based Locomotion Learning (RMLL), and supports adjusting gait frequency at execution time. Gait specification is enabled through the use of a few logical rules per gait (e.g., alternate between moving front feet and back feet) and does not require labor-intensive motion priors. Experimental results in simulation highlight the diversity of learned gaits (including two novel gaits), their energy consumption and stability across different terrains, and the superior sample-efficiency when compared to baselines. We also demonstrate these learned policies with a real quadruped robot.
Primary Keywords: Learning, Robotics
Category: Long
Student: Graduate
Supplemtary Material: pdf
Submission Number: 236