A Piece-wise Polynomial Filtering Approach for Graph Neural NetworksDownload PDF

Published: 25 Mar 2022, Last Modified: 22 Oct 2023GTRL 2022 SpotlightReaders: Everyone
Keywords: Graph Neural Networks, Graph Representation Learning
TL;DR: We propose PP-GNN, a piece-wise polynomial filtering approach that shows significant performance lifts of up to ~6% on node classification task.
Abstract: Graph Neural Networks (GNNs) exploit signals from node features and the input graph topology to improve node classification task performance. Recently proposed GNNs work across a variety of homophilic and heterophilic graphs. Among these, models relying on polynomial graph filters have shown promise. We observe that polynomial filter models, in several practical instances, need to learn a reasonably high degree polynomials without facing any over-smoothing effects. We find that existing methods, due to their designs, either have limited efficacy or can be enhanced further. We present a spectral method to learn a bank of filters using a piece-wise polynomial approach, where each filter acts on a different subsets of the eigen spectrum. The approach requires eigendecomposition for a few eigenvalues at extremes (i.e., low and high ends of the spectrum) and offers flexibility to learn sharper and complex shaped frequency responses with low-degree polynomials. We theoretically and empirically show that our proposed model learns a better filter, thereby improving classification accuracy. Our model achieves performance gains of up to ~6% over the state-of-the-art (SOTA) models.
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