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HALLUCINATING BRAINS WITH ARTIFICIAL BRAINS
Nov 03, 2017 (modified: Nov 03, 2017)ICLR 2018 Conference Blind Submissionreaders: everyoneShow Bibtex
Abstract:Human brain function as measured by functional magnetic resonance imaging
(fMRI), exhibits a rich diversity. In response, understanding the individual variability
of brain function and its association with behavior has become one of the
major concerns in modern cognitive neuroscience. Our work is motivated by the
view that generative models provide a useful tool for understanding this variability.
To this end, this manuscript presents two novel generative models trained
on real neuroimaging data which synthesize task-dependent functional brain images.
Brain images are high dimensional tensors which exhibit structured spatial
correlations. Thus, both models are 3D conditional Generative Adversarial networks
(GANs) which apply Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) to learn an
abstraction of brain image representations. Our results show that the generated
brain images are diverse, yet task dependent. In addition to qualitative evaluation,
we utilize the generated synthetic brain volumes as additional training data to improve
downstream fMRI classifiers (also known as decoding, or brain reading).
Our approach achieves significant improvements for a variety of datasets, classifi-
cation tasks and evaluation scores. Our classification results provide a quantitative
evaluation of the quality of the generated images, and also serve as an additional
contribution of this manuscript.
TL;DR:Two novel GANs are constructed to generate high-quality 3D fMRI brain images and synthetic brain images greatly help to improve downstream classification tasks.
Keywords:3D fMRI data, Deep Learning, Generative Adversarial Network, Classification
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