A Statistical Framework for Personalized Federated Learning and Estimation: Theory, Algorithms, and Privacy
Keywords: Personalized Federated Learning, Personalized Statistical Estimation, Differential Privacy, Empirical/Hierarchical Bayes
TL;DR: We utilize a statistical framework to enable our design of new personalized Federated Learning/Estimation algorithms with privacy guarantees.
Abstract: A distinguishing characteristic of federated learning is that the (local) client data could have statistical heterogeneity. This heterogeneity has motivated the design of personalized learning, where individual (personalized) models are trained, through collaboration. There have been various personalization methods proposed in literature, with seemingly very different forms and methods ranging from use of a single global model for local regularization and model interpolation, to use of multiple global models for personalized clustering, etc. In this work, we begin with a statistical framework that unifies several different algorithms as well as suggest new algorithms. We apply our framework to personalized estimation, and connect it to the classical empirical Bayes' methodology. We develop novel private personalized estimation under this framework. We then use our statistical framework to propose new personalized learning algorithms, including AdaPeD based on information-geometry regularization, which numerically outperforms several known algorithms. We develop privacy for personalized learning methods with guarantees for user-level privacy and composition. We numerically evaluate the performance as well as the privacy for both the estimation and learning problems, demonstrating the advantages of our proposed methods.
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