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PrivyNet: A Flexible Framework for Privacy-Preserving Deep Neural Network Training
Meng Li, Liangzhen Lai, Naveen Suda, Vikas Chandra, David Z. Pan
Feb 15, 2018 (modified: Feb 15, 2018)ICLR 2018 Conference Blind Submissionreaders: everyoneShow Bibtex
Abstract:Massive data exist among user local platforms that usually cannot support deep neural network (DNN) training due to computation and storage resource constraints. Cloud-based training schemes provide beneficial services but suffer from potential privacy risks due to excessive user data collection. To enable cloud-based DNN training while protecting the data privacy simultaneously, we propose to leverage the intermediate representations of the data, which is achieved by splitting the DNNs and deploying them separately onto local platforms and the cloud. The local neural network (NN) is used to generate the feature representations. To avoid local training and protect data privacy, the local NN is derived from pre-trained NNs. The cloud NN is then trained based on the extracted intermediate representations for the target learning task. We validate the idea of DNN splitting by characterizing the dependency of privacy loss and classification accuracy on the local NN topology for a convolutional NN (CNN) based image classification task. Based on the characterization, we further propose PrivyNet to determine the local NN topology, which optimizes the accuracy of the target learning task under the constraints on privacy loss, local computation, and storage. The efficiency and effectiveness of PrivyNet are demonstrated with CIFAR-10 dataset.
TL;DR:To enable cloud-based DNN training while protecting the data privacy simultaneously, we propose to leverage the intermediate data representations, which is achieved by splitting the DNNs and deploying them separately onto local platforms and the cloud.
Keywords:Privacy-preserving deep learning, Neural network training
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