Once for All: Train One Network and Specialize it for Efficient Deployment

Sep 25, 2019 Blind Submission readers: everyone Show Bibtex
  • TL;DR: We introduce techniques to train a single once-for-all network that fits many hardware platforms.
  • Abstract: We address the challenging problem of efficient deep learning model deployment, where the goal is to design neural network architectures that can fit different hardware platform constraints. Most of the traditional approaches either manually design or use Neural Architecture Search (NAS) to find a specialized neural network and train it from scratch for each case, which is computationally expensive and unscalable. Our key idea is to decouple model training from architecture search to save the cost. To this end, we propose to train a once-for-all network (OFA) that supports diverse architectural settings (depth, width, kernel size, and resolution). Given a deployment scenario, we can then quickly get a specialized sub-network by selecting from the OFA network without additional training. To prevent interference between many sub-networks during training, we also propose a novel progressive shrinking algorithm, which can train a surprisingly large number of sub-networks ($> 10^{19}$) simultaneously. Extensive experiments on various hardware platforms (CPU, GPU, mCPU, mGPU, FPGA accelerator) show that OFA consistently outperforms SOTA NAS methods (up to 4.0% ImageNet top1 accuracy improvement over MobileNetV3) while reducing orders of magnitude GPU hours and $CO_2$ emission. In particular, OFA achieves a new SOTA 80.0% ImageNet top1 accuracy under the mobile setting ($<$600M FLOPs). Code and pre-trained models are released at https://github.com/mit-han-lab/once-for-all.
  • Keywords: Efficient Deep Learning, Specialized Neural Network Architecture, AutoML
  • Code: https://github.com/mit-han-lab/once-for-all
  • Original Pdf:  pdf
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