Accurate Image Restoration with Attention Retractable TransformerDownload PDF

Published: 01 Feb 2023, Last Modified: 22 Oct 2023ICLR 2023 notable top 25%Readers: Everyone
Keywords: Image restoration, Dense and sparse attention
TL;DR: A new SOTA image restoration method attention retractable Transformer.
Abstract: Recently, Transformer-based image restoration networks have achieved promising improvements over convolutional neural networks due to parameter-independent global interactions. To lower computational cost, existing works generally limit self-attention computation within non-overlapping windows. However, each group of tokens are always from a dense area of the image. This is considered as a dense attention strategy since the interactions of tokens are restrained in dense regions. Obviously, this strategy could result in restricted receptive fields. To address this issue, we propose \textbf{A}ttention \textbf{R}etractable \textbf{T}ransformer (ART) for image restoration, which presents both dense and sparse attention modules in the network. The sparse attention module allows tokens from sparse areas to interact and thus provides a wider receptive field. Furthermore, the alternating application of dense and sparse attention modules greatly enhances representation ability of Transformer while providing retractable attention on the input image.We conduct extensive experiments on image super-resolution, denoising, and JPEG compression artifact reduction tasks. Experimental results validate that our proposed ART outperforms state-of-the-art methods on various benchmark datasets both quantitatively and visually. We also provide code and models at~\url{https://github.com/gladzhang/ART}.
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