Model-Based Domain GeneralizationDownload PDF

21 May 2021, 20:45 (edited 26 Oct 2021)NeurIPS 2021 PosterReaders: Everyone
  • Keywords: Domain generalization, out-of-distribution robustness, constrained optimization
  • TL;DR: We derive a principled primal-dual style algorithm for domain generalization which improves over all known algorithms by up to 30%.
  • Abstract: Despite remarkable success in a variety of applications, it is well-known that deep learning can fail catastrophically when presented with out-of-distribution data. Toward addressing this challenge, we consider the \emph{domain generalization} problem, wherein predictors are trained using data drawn from a family of related training domains and then evaluated on a distinct and unseen test domain. We show that under a natural model of data generation and a concomitant invariance condition, the domain generalization problem is equivalent to an infinite-dimensional constrained statistical learning problem; this problem forms the basis of our approach, which we call Model-Based Domain Generalization. Due to the inherent challenges in solving constrained optimization problems in deep learning, we exploit nonconvex duality theory to develop unconstrained relaxations of this statistical problem with tight bounds on the duality gap. Based on this theoretical motivation, we propose a novel domain generalization algorithm with convergence guarantees. In our experiments, we report improvements of up to 30% over state-of-the-art domain generalization baselines on several benchmarks including ColoredMNIST, Camelyon17-WILDS, FMoW-WILDS, and PACS.
  • Supplementary Material: pdf
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  • Code: https://github.com/arobey1/mbdg
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