- Keywords: representation learning for recommender system, optimization for representation learning, variational auto-encoder, topic modeling
- Abstract: We introduce a deep latent recommender system named deepLTRS in order to provide users with high quality recommendations based on observed user ratings and texts of product reviews. The underlying motivation is that, when a user scores only a few products, the texts used in the reviews represent a significant source of information. The addition of review information can alleviate data sparsity, thereby enhancing the predictive ability of the model. Our approach adopts a variational auto-encoder architecture as a generative deep latent variable model for both an ordinal matrix encoding users scores about products, and a document-term matrix encoding the reviews. Moreover, different from unique user-based or item-based models, deepLTRS assumes latent representations for both users and products. An alternated user/product mini-batching optimization structure is proposed to jointly capture user and product preferences. Numerical experiments on simulated and real-world data sets demonstrate that deepLTRS outperforms the state-of-the-art, in particular in contexts of extreme data sparsity.
- Code Of Ethics: I acknowledge that I and all co-authors of this work have read and commit to adhering to the ICLR Code of Ethics