Keywords: Explainability, Image Classification, Mixup Augmentation
Abstract: Radiological examination of chest CT is an effective method for screening COVID-19 cases. In this work, we overcome three challenges in the automation of this process: (i) the limited number of supervised positive cases, (ii) the lack of region-based supervision, and (iii) variability across acquisition sites. These challenges are met by incorporating a recent augmentation solution called SnapMix, a novel explainability-driven contrastive loss for patch embedding, and by performing test-time augmentation that masks out the most relevant patches in order to analyze the prediction stability. The three techniques are complementary and are all based on utilizing the heatmaps produced by the Class Activation Mapping (CAM) explainability method. State-of-the-art performance is obtained on three different datasets for COVID detection in CT scans.
Registration: I acknowledge that publication of this at MIDL and in the proceedings requires at least one of the authors to register and present the work during the conference.
Authorship: I confirm that I am the author of this work and that it has not been submitted to another publication before.
Paper Type: both
Primary Subject Area: Detection and Diagnosis
Secondary Subject Area: Image Synthesis
Confidentiality And Author Instructions: I read the call for papers and author instructions. I acknowledge that exceeding the page limit and/or altering the latex template can result in desk rejection.