Keywords: causality, AI safety, corrigibility, redirectability, autonomy, influence diagrams, alignment, instructability
TL;DR: We formalise safe shutdown behaviour and analyse algorithms that are supposed to shut down safely.
Abstract: How can humans stay in control of advanced artificial intelligence systems? One proposal is corrigibility, which requires the agent to follow the instructions of a human overseer, without inappropriately influencing them. In this paper, we formally define a variant of corrigibility called shutdown instructability, and show that it implies appropriate shutdown behavior, retention of human autonomy, and avoidance of user harm. We also analyse the related concepts of non-obstruction and shutdown alignment, three previously proposed algorithms for human control, and one new algorithm.
Supplementary Material: pdf