- Keywords: classical planning, width based search, satisficing planning, problem serialization, policy sketches
- TL;DR: In this paper, we show that knowledge in the form of policy sketches allow provably solving many classical planning domains in low polynomial time.
- Abstract: Width-based planning methods exploit the use of conjunctive goals for decomposing problems into subproblems of low width. However, algorithms like SIW fail when the goal is not serializable. In this work, we address this limitation of SIW by using a simple but powerful language for expressing problem decompositions introduced recently by Bonet and Geffner, called policy sketches. A policy sketch R consists of a set of Boolean and numerical features and a set of sketch rules that express how the values of these features are supposed to change. Like general policies, policy sketches are domain general, but unlike policies, the changes captured by sketch rules do not need to be achieved in a single step. We show that many planning domains that cannot be solved by SIW are provably solvable in low polynomial time with the SIW_R algorithm, the version of SIW that employs user-provided policy sketches. Policy sketches are thus shown to be a powerful language for expressing domain-specific knowledge in a simple and compact way and a convenient alternative to languages such as HTNs or temporal logics. Furthermore, policy sketches make it easy to express general problem decompositions and prove key properties like their complexity and width.
- Supplementary Material: zip