Compositional Generalization in Multimodal Foundation Models

22 Sept 2023 (modified: 25 Mar 2024)ICLR 2024 Conference Withdrawn SubmissionEveryoneRevisionsBibTeX
Keywords: Compositional Generalization, Multimodality, Computer Vision, Natural Language Processing
TL;DR: We investigate compositionality and systematic generalization in a perceptually grounded setting with a dataset of egocentric videos of everyday household activities and show multimodal models exhibit a clear edge over their text-only counterparts.
Abstract: The rise of large-scale multimodal models has paved the pathway for groundbreaking advances in generative modelling and reasoning, unlocking transformative applications in a variety of complex tasks. However, a pressing question that remains is their genuine capability for stronger forms of generalization, which has been largely underexplored in the multimodal setting. Our study aims to address this by examining sequential compositional generalization using CompAct (Compositional Activities), a carefully constructed, perceptually grounded dataset set within a rich backdrop of egocentric kitchen activity videos. Each instance in our dataset is represented with a combination of raw video footage, naturally occurring sound, and crowd-sourced step-by-step descriptions. More importantly, our setup ensures that the individual concepts are consistently distributed across training and evaluation sets, while their compositions are novel in the evaluation set. We conduct a comprehensive assessment of several unimodal and multimodal models. Our findings reveal that bi-modal and tri-modal models exhibit a clear edge over their text-only counterparts. This highlights the importance of multimodality while charting a trajectory for future model development in this domain.
Primary Area: representation learning for computer vision, audio, language, and other modalities
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Submission Number: 6061