Quantum Bayesian Neural NetworksDownload PDF

Published: 29 Jan 2022, Last Modified: 05 May 2023AABI 2022 PosterReaders: Everyone
Keywords: Bayesian neural network, Bayesian deep learning, quantum computing, quantum machine learning
TL;DR: We show that Bayesian neural network inference on quantum computers can achieve theoretical speedups and empirically demonstrate its efficacy in simulation studies.
Abstract: Quantum machine learning promises great speedups over classical algorithms, but it often requires repeated computations to achieve a desired level of accuracy for its point estimates. Bayesian learning focuses more on sampling from posterior distributions than on point estimation, thus it might be more forgiving in the face of additional quantum noise. We propose a quantum algorithm for Bayesian neural network inference, drawing on recent advances in quantum deep learning, and simulate its empirical performance on several tasks. We find that already for small numbers of qubits, our algorithm approximates the true posterior well, while it does not require any repeated computations and thus fully realizes the quantum speedups.
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