Integrating Planning and Deep Reinforcement Learning via Automatic Induction of Task Substructures

Published: 28 Oct 2023, Last Modified: 04 Dec 2023GenPlan'23EveryoneRevisionsBibTeX
Abstract: Despite recent advancements, deep reinforcement learning (DRL) still struggles at learning sparse-reward goal-directed tasks, while classical planning excels at addressing hierarchical tasks, yet most of the methods rely on assumptions about pre-defined subtasks. To bridge the best of both worlds, we propose a framework that integrates DRL with classical planning by automatically inducing task structures and substructures from a few demonstrations. Specifically, we adopt abstraction mapping formulation and define critical actions that lead to the transition at the abstraction level. The framework induces critical action schemata regarded as subtasks to solve the problems. Symbolic regression is used for substructure induction by employing genetic programming where the program model reflects prior domain knowledge of effect rules. We compare the proposed framework to state-of-the-art DRL algorithms, imitation learning methods, and an exploration approach in various domains. Experimental results on various tasks show that our proposed framework outperforms all the abovementioned algorithms in terms of sample efficiency and task performance. Moreover, our framework achieves strong generalization performance by effectively inducing new rules and composing task structures. Ablation studies justify the design of our induction module and the proposed genetic programming procedure.
Submission Number: 29