Guarded Policy Optimization with Imperfect Online DemonstrationsDownload PDF

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22 Sept 2022, 12:42 (modified: 18 Nov 2022, 11:42)ICLR 2023 Conference Blind SubmissionReaders: Everyone
Keywords: reinforcement learning, guarded policy optimization, imperfect demonstrations, shared control, metadrive simulator
TL;DR: Introducing a new policy optimization method exploiting imperfect online demonstrations from a guardian policy.
Abstract: Teacher-Student Framework (TSF) is a reinforcement learning setting where a teacher agent or human expert guards the training of a student agent by intervening and providing online demonstrations. Assuming the teacher policy is optimal, it has the perfect timing and capability to intervene the control of the student agent, providing safety guarantee and exploration guidance. Nevertheless, in many real-world settings it is expensive or even impossible to obtain a well-performing teacher policy. In this work we relax the assumption of a well-performing teacher and develop a new method that can incorporate arbitrary teacher policies with modest or inferior performance. We instantiate an off-policy Reinforcement Learning algorithm, termed Teacher-Student Shared Control (TS2C), which incorporates teacher intervention based on trajectory-based value estimation. Theoretical analysis validates that the proposed TS2C algorithm attains efficient exploration and lower-bound safety guarantee without being affected by the teacher's own performance. Experiments on autonomous driving simulation show that our method can exploit teacher policies at any performance level and maintain a low training cost. Moreover, the student policy excels the imperfect teacher policy in terms of higher accumulated reward in held-out testing environments.
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