Auto-Instruct: Automatic Instruction Generation and Ranking for Black-Box Language Models

Published: 07 Oct 2023, Last Modified: 01 Dec 2023EMNLP 2023 FindingsEveryoneRevisionsBibTeX
Submission Type: Regular Long Paper
Submission Track: Language Modeling and Analysis of Language Models
Submission Track 2: Theme Track: Large Language Models and the Future of NLP
Keywords: Large Language Model, Instruction Generation, Instruction Ranking, Multi-Task Learning, In-Context Learning
TL;DR: An automatic solution for instruction generation and ranking for in-context learning on black-box LLMs
Abstract: Large language models (LLMs) can perform a wide range of tasks by following natural language instructions, without the necessity of task-specific fine-tuning. Unfortunately, the performance of LLMs is greatly influenced by the quality of these instructions, and manually writing effective instructions for each task is a laborious and subjective process. In this paper, we introduce Auto-Instruct, a novel method to automatically improve the quality of instructions provided to LLMs. Our method leverages the inherent generative ability of LLMs to produce diverse candidate instructions for a given task, and then ranks them using a scoring model trained on a variety of 575 existing NLP tasks. In experiments on 118 out-of-domain tasks, Auto-Instruct surpasses both human-written instructions and existing baselines of LLM-generated instructions. Furthermore, our method exhibits notable generalizability even with other LLMs that are not incorporated into its training process.
Submission Number: 4587