The Symmetric Generalized Eigenvalue Problem as a Nash EquilibriumDownload PDF

Published: 01 Feb 2023, Last Modified: 16 Feb 2023ICLR 2023 notable top 25%Readers: Everyone
Keywords: generalized eigenvalue problem, nash, riemannian optimization, canonical correlation analysis, independent component analysis, distributed computing
TL;DR: We formulate the solution to the generalized eigenvalue problem as the Nash of a game, design an unbiased streaming-style algorithm to solve it, and analyze neural representations 1000x larger than before.
Abstract: The symmetric generalized eigenvalue problem (SGEP) is a fundamental concept in numerical linear algebra. It captures the solution of many classical machine learning problems such as canonical correlation analysis, independent components analysis, partial least squares, linear discriminant analysis, principal components and others. Despite this, most general solvers are prohibitively expensive when dealing with *streaming data sets* (i.e., minibatches) and research has instead concentrated on finding efficient solutions to specific problem instances. In this work, we develop a game-theoretic formulation of the top-$k$ SGEP whose Nash equilibrium is the set of generalized eigenvectors. We also present a parallelizable algorithm with guaranteed asymptotic convergence to the Nash. Current state-of-the-art methods require $\mathcal{O}(d^2k)$ runtime complexity per iteration which is prohibitively expensive when the number of dimensions ($d$) is large. We show how to modify this parallel approach to achieve $\mathcal{O}(dk)$ runtime complexity. Empirically we demonstrate that this resulting algorithm is able to solve a variety of SGEP problem instances including a large-scale analysis of neural network activations.
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