Effective Latent Differential Equation Models via Attention and Multiple Shooting

Published: 31 Oct 2023, Last Modified: 31 Oct 2023DLDE III SpotlightTalkEveryoneRevisionsBibTeX
Keywords: SciML, Scientific Machine Learning, Neural ODE, Neural Differential Equations, continuous-time generative model, GOKU-nets, Dynamical Systems, multiple-shooting, computational neuroscience, Latent ODE
TL;DR: Enhancement of GOKU-nets by incorporating attention and a novel multiple shooting training strategy in the latent space, evaluated on synthetic stochastic oscillators and empirical brain data.
Abstract: The GOKU-net is a continuous-time generative model that allows leveraging prior knowledge in the form of differential equations. We present GOKU-UI, an evolution of the GOKU-nets, which integrates attention mechanisms and a novel multiple shooting training strategy in the latent space. On simulated data, GOKU-UI significantly improves performance in reconstruction and forecasting, outperforming baselines even with 16 times less training data. Applied to empirical human brain data, using stochastic Stuart-Landau oscillators, it is able to effectively capture complex brain dynamics, surpassing baselines in reconstruction and better predicting future brain activity up to 15 seconds ahead. Ultimately, our research provides further evidence on the fruitful symbiosis given by the combination of established scientific insights and modern machine learning.
Submission Number: 25