Orthogonality-Enforced Latent Space in Autoencoders: An Approach to Learning Disentangled Representations
Abstract: Noting the importance of factorizing (or disentangling) the latent space, we propose a novel, non-probabilistic disentangling framework for autoencoders, based on the principles of symmetry transformations that are independent of one another. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first deterministic model that is aiming to achieve disentanglement based on autoencoders using only a reconstruction loss without pairs of images or labels, by explicitly introducing inductive biases into a model architecture through Euler encoding. The proposed model is then compared with a number of state-of-the-art models, relevant to disentanglement, including symmetry-based models and generative models. Our evaluation using six different disentanglement metrics, including the unsupervised disentanglement metric we propose here in this paper, shows that the proposed model can offer better disentanglement, especially when variances of the features are different, where other methods may struggle. We believe that this model opens several opportunities for linear disentangled representation learning based on deterministic autoencoders.
Submission Number: 1269