Stacked Bidirectional Convolutional LSTMs for 3D Non-contrast CT Reconstruction from Spatiotemporal 4D CT

Sil C. van de Leemput, Mathias Prokop, Bram van Ginneken, Rashindra Manniesing

Apr 11, 2018 MIDL 2018 Conference Submission readers: everyone
  • Abstract: The imaging workup in acute stroke can be simplified by reconstructing the non-contrast CT (NCCT) from CT perfusion (CTP) images, resulting in reduced workup time and radiation dose. This work presents a stacked bidirectional convolutional LSTM (C-LSTM) network to predict 3D volumes from 4D spatiotemporal data. Several parameterizations of the C-LSTM network were trained on a set of 17 CTP-NCCT pairs to learn to reconstruct NCCT from CTP and were subsequently quantitatively evaluated on a separate cohort of 16 cases. The results show that C-LSTM network clearly outperforms basic reconstruction methods and provides a promising general deep learning approach for handling high-dimensional spatiotemporal medical data.
  • Keywords: Deep learning, convolutional LSTM, CNN, LSTM, reconstruction, regression, non-contrast CT, NCCT, CT perfusion, CTP, CT, Stroke
  • Author affiliation: Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
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