Keywords: Deep Learning, Convolutional Neural Networks, Fully Convolutional Networks, Multiple-Instance Learning, ResNet, U-Net, Pneumothorax, Chest X-Ray
TL;DR: We evaluate three deep learning architectures for the detection and localization of pneumothorax in chest X-ray images.
Abstract: Pneumothorax is a critical condition that requires timely communication and immediate action in order to prevent significant morbidity or patient death. Thus, early detection is crucial. For the task of pneumothorax detection, we measured the performance of three different deep learning techniques: convolutional neural networks, fully convolutional networks, and multiple-instance learning. In a five-fold cross-validation with ROC analysis on a dataset consisting of 1003 chest X-Ray images we measured AUCs of 0.96, 0.92, and 0.93 for the three methods, respectively. We discuss the classification as well as localization performance of these approaches as well as an ensemble of aforementioned techniques.
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