- Keywords: Probabilistic Programming, Probabilistic Inference, Stochastic Support
- TL;DR: Divide, Conquer, and Combine is a new inference scheme that can be performed on the probabilistic programs with stochastic support, i.e. the very existence of variables is stochastic.
- Abstract: Universal probabilistic programming systems (PPSs) provide a powerful framework for specifying rich and complex probabilistic models. However, this expressiveness comes at the cost of substantially complicating the process of drawing inferences from the model. In particular, inference can become challenging when the support of the model varies between executions. Though general-purpose inference engines have been designed to operate in such settings, they are typically inefficient, often relying on proposing from the prior to make transitions. To address this, we introduce a new inference framework: Divide, Conquer, and Combine (DCC). DCC divides the program into separate straight-line sub-programs, each of which has a fixed support allowing more powerful inference algorithms to be run locally, before recombining their outputs in a principled fashion. We show how DCC can be implemented as an automated and general-purpose PPS inference engine, and empirically confirm that it can provide substantial performance improvements over previous approaches.