Spectral Subgraph LocalizationDownload PDF

Published: 01 Feb 2023, Last Modified: 13 Feb 2023Submitted to ICLR 2023Readers: Everyone
Keywords: subgraph isomorphism, subgraph localization
Abstract: Several graph mining problems are based on some variant of the subgraph isomorphism problem: Given two graphs, G and Q, does G contain a subgraph isomorphic to Q? As this problem is NP-hard, many methods avoid addressing it explicitly. In this paper, we propose a method that solves the problem by localizing, i.e., finding the position of, Q in G, by means of an alignment among graph spectra. Finding a node correspondence from Q to G thereafter is relegated to a separate task, as an instance of the graph alignment problem. We demonstrate that our spectral approach outperforms a baseline based on the state-of-the-art method for graph alignment in terms of accuracy on real graphs and scales to hundreds of nodes as no other method does.
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TL;DR: We localize a subgraph Q in a graph G by manipulating their Laplacian spectra.
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