Ex-vivo - to - In-vivo Learning in Cardiology

Apr 07, 2021 (edited Jun 07, 2021)MIDL 2021 Conference Short SubmissionReaders: Everyone
• Keywords: Atrial fibrillation, Image-to-image translation, CycleGAN, Cardiac imaging
• TL;DR: Training on explanted hearts improves the visualization of Atrial Fibrillation sources in clinic
• Abstract: The clinical Atrial Fibrillation (AF) visualization method, multi-electrode mapping (MEM), delivers electrode grid $\textit{in-vivo}$ to the heart muscle and is known for its low resolution. A more cutting-edge imaging modality, near-infrared optical mapping (NIOM), allows seeing the AF sources in high resolution; however, it is currently $\textit{ex-vivo}$ only (i.e., designed for explanted organs only). In this work, we present the $\textit{ex-vivo}$ to the $\textit{in-vivo}$ learning paradigm, where the former serves the purpose of improving the latter. Specifically, the NIOM improves the detection of AF sources in MEM data via an image-to-image model. We validate the idea on 7 explanted human hearts and test the models on 2 clinical cases.
• Paper Type: methodological development
• Primary Subject Area: Transfer Learning and Domain Adaptation
• Secondary Subject Area: Integration of Imaging and Clinical Data
• Paper Status: original work, not submitted yet
• Source Code Url: to be prepared
• Data Set Url: restricted. compliance with the proper review board.
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• Authorship: I confirm that I am the author of this work and that it has not been submitted to another publication before.
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