On the expressivity of bi-Lipschitz normalizing flowsDownload PDF

Published: 15 Jun 2021, Last Modified: 05 May 2023INNF+ 2021 posterReaders: Everyone
Keywords: Machine Learning, Invertible Networks, Normalizing Flow, Bilipschitz, Bi-Lipschitz, Expressivity
TL;DR: How the Lispchitz constraint affects the expressivity of normalizing flows
Abstract: An invertible function is bi-Lipschitz if both the function and its inverse have bounded Lipschitz constants. Nowadays, most Normalizing Flows are bi-Lipschitz by design or by training to limit numerical errors (among other things). In this paper, we discuss the expressivity of bi-Lipschitz Normalizing Flows and identify several target distributions that are difficult to approximate using such models. Then, we characterize the expressivity of bi-Lipschitz Normalizing Flows by giving several lower bounds on the Total Variation distance between these particularly unfavorable distributions and their best possible approximation. Finally, we discuss potential remedies which include using more complex latent distributions.
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