Keywords: Graph generation, Denoising Diffusion Model, Molecule Generation, Permutation Equivariance, Discrete Diffusion
TL;DR: We propose a discrete denoising diffusion model for generating graphs with categorical node and edge attributes. It is state-of-the-art on both abstract and molecular datasets.
Abstract: This work introduces DiGress, a discrete denoising diffusion model for generating graphs with categorical node and edge attributes. Our model utilizes a discrete diffusion process that progressively edits graphs with noise, through the process of adding or removing edges and changing the categories. A graph transformer network is trained to revert this process, simplifying the problem of distribution learning over graphs into a sequence of node and edge classification tasks. We further improve sample quality by introducing a Markovian noise model that preserves the marginal distribution of node and edge types during diffusion, and by incorporating auxiliary graph-theoretic features. A procedure for conditioning the generation on graph-level features is also proposed. DiGress achieves state-of-the-art performance on molecular and non-molecular datasets, with up to 3x validity improvement on a planar graph dataset. It is also the first model to scale to the large GuacaMol dataset containing 1.3M drug-like molecules without the use of molecule-specific representations.
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