ResolvNet: A Graph Convolutional Network with multi-scale Consistency

Published: 28 Oct 2023, Last Modified: 21 Dec 2023NeurIPS 2023 GLFrontiers Workshop OralEveryoneRevisionsBibTeX
Keywords: spectral graph convolutions, weighted graphs, scale invariance, robustness, transferability
Abstract: It is by now a well known fact in the graph learning community that the presence of bottlenecks severely limits the ability of graph neural networks to propagate information over long distances. What so far has not been appreciated is that, counter-intuitively, also the presence of strongly connected sub-graphs may severely restrict information flow in common architectures. Motivated by this observation, we introduce the concept of multi-scale consistency. At the node level this concept refers to the retention of a connected propagation graph even if connectivity varies over a given graph. At the graph-level, multi-scale consistency refers to the fact that distinct graphs describing the same object at different resolutions should be assigned similar feature vectors. As we show, both properties are not satisfied by poular graph neural network architectures. To remedy these shortcomings, we introduce ResolvNet, a flexible graph neural network based on the mathematical concept of resolvents. We rigorously establish its multi-scale consistency theoretically and verify it in extensive experiments on real world data: Here networks based on this ResolvNet architecture prove expressive; out-performing baselines significantly on many tasks; in- and outside the multi-scale setting.
Submission Number: 35