SAUC: Sparsity-Aware Uncertainty Calibration for Spatiotemporal Prediction with Graph Neural Networks

Published: 20 Oct 2023, Last Modified: 14 Nov 2023TGL Workshop 2023 LongPaperEveryoneRevisionsBibTeX
Keywords: Uncertainty calibration, Spatiotemporal deep learning, Graph Neural Networks
TL;DR: The SAUC method effectively quantifies uncertainty in sparse spatiotemporal data, reducing calibration errors by 20% in datasets like traffic and crime.
Abstract: Quantifying uncertainty is essential for achieving robust and reliable predictions. However, existing spatiotemporal models predominantly predict deterministic values, often overlooking the uncertainty in their forecasts. Particularly, high-resolution spatiotemporal datasets are rich in zeros, posing further challenges in quantifying the uncertainty of such sparse and asymmetrically distributed data. This paper introduces a novel post-hoc Sparsity-aware Uncertainty Calibration (SAUC) method, calibrating the uncertainty in both zero and non-zero values. We modify the state-of-the-art deterministic spatiotemporal Graph Neural Networks (GNNs) to probabilistic ones as the synthetic models in the pre-calibration phase. Applied to two real-world spatiotemporal datasets of varied granularities, extensive experiments demonstrate SAUC's capacity to adeptly calibrate uncertainty, effectively fitting the variance of zero values and exhibiting robust generalizability. Specifically, our empirical experiments show a 20\% of reduction in calibration errors in zero entries on the sparse traffic accident and urban crime prediction. The results validate our method's theoretical and empirical values, demonstrating calibrated results that provide reliable safety guidance, thereby bridging a significant gap in uncertainty quantification (UQ) for sparse spatiotemporal data.
Supplementary Material: pdf
Format: Long paper, up to 8 pages. If the reviewers recommend it to be changed to a short paper, I would be willing to revise my paper to fit within 4 pages.
Submission Number: 24