HANDLOOM: Learned Tracing of One-Dimensional Objects for Inspection and ManipulationDownload PDF

Published: 30 Aug 2023, Last Modified: 22 Oct 2023CoRL 2023 OralReaders: Everyone
Keywords: state estimation, deformable manipulation
TL;DR: Cable State Estimation using an Autoregressive Learned Tracer for Downstream Inspection and Manipulation Tasks
Abstract: Tracing – estimating the spatial state of – long deformable linear objects such as cables, threads, hoses, or ropes, is useful for a broad range of tasks in homes, retail, factories, construction, transportation, and healthcare. For long deformable linear objects (DLOs or simply cables) with many (over 25) crossings, we present HANDLOOM (Heterogeneous Autoregressive Learned Deformable Linear Object Observation and Manipulation) a learning-based algorithm that fits a trace to a greyscale image of cables. We evaluate HANDLOOM on semi-planar DLO configurations where each crossing involves at most 2 segments. HANDLOOM makes use of neural networks trained with 30,000 simulated examples and 568 real examples to autoregressively estimate traces of cables and classify crossings. Experiments find that in settings with multiple identical cables, HANDLOOM can trace each cable with 80% accuracy. In single-cable images, HANDLOOM can trace and identify knots with 77% accuracy. When HANDLOOM is incorporated into a bimanual robot system, it enables state-based imitation of knot tying with 80% accuracy, and it successfully untangles 64% of cable configurations across 3 levels of difficulty. Additionally, HANDLOOM demonstrates generalization to knot types and materials (rubber, cloth rope) not present in the training dataset with 85% accuracy. Supplementary material, including all code and an annotated dataset of RGB-D images of cables along with ground-truth traces, is at https://sites.google.com/view/cable-tracing.
Student First Author: yes
Supplementary Material: zip
Instructions: I have read the instructions for authors (https://corl2023.org/instructions-for-authors/)
Video: https://drive.google.com/file/d/102cTVXgyEr3zZM5tjgP_1j4Wd_KvN3Qo/view?usp=sharing
Website: https://sites.google.com/view/cable-tracing
Code: https://github.com/vainaviv/handloom
Publication Agreement: pdf
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