Normalizing flow neural networks by JKO scheme

Published: 27 Oct 2023, Last Modified: 28 Dec 2023OTML 2023 PosterEveryoneRevisionsBibTeX
Keywords: normalizing flow, Jordan-Kinderleherer-Otto scheme, block-wise training
TL;DR: We propose a neural ODE flow network inspired by the Jordan-Kinderleherer-Otto scheme, where the method naturally stacks residual network blocks one by one and reduces computational and memory load during training.
Abstract: Normalizing flow is a class of deep generative models for efficient sampling and likelihood estimation, which achieves attractive performance, particularly in high dimensions. The flow is often implemented using a sequence of invertible residual blocks. Existing works adopt special network architectures and regularization of flow trajectories. In this paper, we develop a neural ODE flow network called JKO-iFlow, inspired by the Jordan-Kinderleherer-Otto (JKO) scheme, which unfolds the discrete-time dynamic of the Wasserstein gradient flow. The proposed method stacks residual blocks one after another, allowing efficient block-wise training of the residual blocks, avoiding sampling SDE trajectories and score matching or variational learning, thus reducing the memory load and difficulty in end-to-end training. We also develop adaptive time reparameterization of the flow network with a progressive refinement of the induced trajectory in probability space to improve the model accuracy further. Experiments with synthetic and real data show that the proposed JKO-iFlow network achieves competitive performance compared with existing flow and diffusion models at a significantly reduced computational and memory cost.
Submission Number: 59