Keywords: Fairness, face, recognition, uncertainty, robustness, bias
TL;DR: This paper offers a way to measure the uncertainty within Face Recognition metrics (performance + fairness) using bootstrap methods.
Abstract: The ROC curve is the major tool for assessing not only the performance but also the fairness properties of a similarity scoring function in Face Recognition. In order to draw reliable conclusions based on empirical ROC analysis, evaluating accurately the uncertainty related to statistical versions of the ROC curves of interest is necessary. For this purpose, we explain in this paper that, because the True/False Acceptance Rates are of the form of U-statistics in the case of similarity scoring, the naive bootstrap approach is not valid here and that a dedicated recentering technique must be used instead. This is illustrated on real data of face images, when applied to several ROC-based metrics such as popular fairness metrics.