Geometric and Physical Quantities improve E(3) Equivariant Message PassingDownload PDF

Sep 29, 2021 (edited May 08, 2022)ICLR 2022 SpotlightReaders: Everyone
  • Keywords: equivariant graph neural networks, steerable message passing, non-linear convolutions, molecular modeling, covariant information
  • Abstract: Including covariant information, such as position, force, velocity or spin is important in many tasks in computational physics and chemistry. We introduce Steerable E($3$) Equivariant Graph Neural Networks (SEGNNs) that generalise equivariant graph networks, such that node and edge attributes are not restricted to invariant scalars, but can contain covariant information, such as vectors or tensors. Our model, composed of steerable MLPs, is able to incorporate geometric and physical information in both the message and update functions. Through the definition of steerable node attributes, the MLPs provide a new class of activation functions for general use with steerable feature fields. We discuss ours and related work through the lens of equivariant non-linear convolutions, which further allows us to pin-point the successful components of SEGNNs: non-linear message aggregation improves upon classic linear (steerable) point convolutions; steerable messages improve upon recent equivariant graph networks that send invariant messages. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our method on several tasks in computational physics and chemistry and provide extensive ablation studies.
  • One-sentence Summary: We generalise equivariant graph networks such that node and edge updates are able to leverage covariant information.
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