PartAfford: Part-level Affordance DiscoveryDownload PDF

Published: 01 Feb 2023, Last Modified: 13 Feb 2023Submitted to ICLR 2023Readers: Everyone
Abstract: Understanding what objects could furnish for humans—learning object affordance—is the crux of bridging perception and action. In the vision community, prior work has primarily focused on learning object affordance with dense (e.g., at a per-pixel level) supervision. In stark contrast, we humans learn the object affordance without dense labels. As such, the fundamental question to devise a computational model is: What is the natural way to learn the object affordance from geometry with humanlike sparse supervision? In this work, we present the new task of part-level affordance discovery (PartAfford): Given only the affordance labels for each object, the machine is tasked to (i) decompose 3D shapes into parts and (ii) discover how each part of the object corresponds to a certain affordance category. We propose a novel learning framework that discovers part-level representations by leveraging only the affordance set supervision and geometric primitive regularization without dense supervision. To learn and evaluate PartAfford, we construct a part-level, cross-category 3D object affordance dataset, annotated with 24 affordance categories shared among >25, 000 objects. We demonstrate through extensive experiments that our method enables both the abstraction of 3D objects and part-level affordance discovery, with generalizability to difficult and cross-category examples. Further ablations reveal the contribution of each component.
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TL;DR: Discover 3D object part affordances by learning contrast in affordance compositions.
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