Simulating Human Gaze with Neural Visual AttentionDownload PDF

Published: 20 Oct 2022, Last Modified: 05 May 2023Gaze Meets ML 2022 OralReaders: Everyone
Keywords: human attention, gaze modeling, eye-tracking, neural networks, biologically plausible, scanpath, human-like
TL;DR: We impose the constraint of foveated vision to pretrained neural networks and generate visual scanpaths; results are SOTA in unsupervised human visual attention modeling.
Abstract: Existing models of human visual attention are generally unable to incorporate direct task guidance and therefore cannot model an intent or goal when exploring a scene. To integrate guidance of any downstream visual task into attention modeling, we propose the Neural Visual Attention (NeVA) algorithm. To this end, we impose to neural networks the biological constraint of foveated vision and train an attention mechanism to generate visual explorations that maximize the performance with respect to the downstream task. We observe that biologically constrained neural networks generate human-like scanpaths without being trained for this objective. Extensive experiments on three common benchmark datasets show that our method outperforms state-of-the-art unsupervised human attention models in generating human-like scanpaths. Full paper available at TMLR:
Submission Type: Extended Abstract
Travel Award - Academic Status: Post-doc
Travel Award - Institution And Country: N/A
Travel Award - Low To Lower-middle Income Countries: N/A
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