Differentiable Forward Projector for X-ray Computed Tomography

Published: 20 Jun 2023, Last Modified: 17 Sept 2023Differentiable Almost EverythingEveryoneRevisionsBibTeX
Keywords: differentiable projector, computed tomography, data consistency, machine learning
TL;DR: differentiable CT projector
Abstract: Data-driven deep learning has been successfully applied to various computed tomographic reconstruction problems. The deep inference models may outperform existing analytical and iterative algorithms, especially in ill-posed CT reconstruction. However, those methods often predict images that do not agree with the measured projection data. This paper presents an accurate differentiable forward and back projection software library to ensure the consistency between the predicted images and the original measurements. The software library efficiently supports various projection geometry types while minimizing the GPU memory footprint requirement, which facilitates seamless integration with existing deep learning training and inference pipelines. The proposed software is available as open source: https://github.com/LLNL/LEAP.
Submission Number: 48