Distributional Signals for Node Classification in Graph Neural NetworksDownload PDF

Published: 01 Feb 2023, Last Modified: 13 Feb 2023Submitted to ICLR 2023Readers: Everyone
Keywords: Graph neural networks, graph signal processing, regularization, smoothness, node classification
TL;DR: In this paper, we introduce the new notion of distributional graph signals and use it to design a GNN regularization scheme.
Abstract: In graph neural networks (GNNs), both node features and labels are examples of graph signals, a key notion in graph signal processing (GSP). While it is common in GSP to impose signal smoothness constraints in learning and estimation tasks, it is unclear how this can be done for discrete node labels. We bridge this gap by introducing the concept of distributional graph signals. In our framework, we work with the distributions of node labels instead of their values and propose notions of smoothness and non-uniformity of such distributional graph signals. We then propose a general regularization method for GNNs that allows us to encode distributional smoothness and non-uniformity of the model output in semi-supervised node classification tasks. Numerical experiments demonstrate that our method can significantly improve the performance of most base GNN models in different problem settings.
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