Learning Optimal Advantage from Preferences and Mistaking it for Reward

Published: 29 Jun 2023, Last Modified: 04 Oct 2023MFPL OralEveryoneRevisionsBibTeX
Keywords: reinforcement learning, reward functions, preferences, regret, alignment
TL;DR: Reward learning from preferences assumes human preferences arise only from trajectory segments' sums of reward, but we consider what happens if preferences arise intead from the more supported regret preference model.
Abstract: We consider algorithms for learning reward functions from human preferences over pairs of trajectory segments---as used in reinforcement learning from human feedback (RLHF)---including those used to fine tune ChatGPT and other contemporary language models. Most recent work on such algorithms assumes that human preferences are generated based only upon the reward accrued within those segments, which we call their partial return function. But if this assumption is false because people base their preferences on information other than partial return, then what type of function is their algorithm learning from preferences? We argue that this function is better thought of as an approximation of the optimal advantage function, not as a partial return function as previously believed.
Submission Number: 49