Effective Polynomial Filter Adaptation for Graph Neural NetworksDownload PDF


Sep 29, 2021 (edited Nov 23, 2021)ICLR 2022 Conference Blind SubmissionReaders: Everyone
  • Keywords: Graph Neural Networks, Graph Filters
  • Abstract: Graph Neural Networks (GNNs) exploit signals from node features and the input graph topology to improve node classification task performance. However, these models tend to perform poorly on heterophilic graphs, where connected nodes have different labels. Recently proposed GNNs work across graphs having varying levels of homophily. Among these, models relying on polynomial graph filters have shown promise. We observe that solutions to these polynomial graph filter models are also solutions to an overdetermined system of equations. It suggests that in some instances, the model needs to learn a reasonably high order polynomial. On investigation, we find the proposed models ineffective at learning such polynomials due to their designs. To mitigate this issue, we perform an eigendecomposition of the graph and propose to learn multiple adaptive polynomial filters acting on different subsets of the spectrum. We theoretically and empirically show that our proposed model learns a better filter, thereby improving classification accuracy. We study various aspects of our proposed model including, dependency on the number of eigencomponents utilized, latent polynomial filters learned, and performance of the individual polynomials on the node classification task. We further show that our model is scalable by evaluating over large graphs. Our model achieves performance gains of up to 10% over the state-of-the-art models and outperforms existing polynomial filter-based approaches in general.
  • One-sentence Summary: This work proposes an effective polynomial filter design, combining multiple polynomials, for Graph Neural Networks
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