SparseGPT: Massive Language Models Can be Accurately Pruned in One-Shot
Abstract: We show for the first time that large-scale generative pretrained transformer (GPT) family models can be pruned to at least 50% sparsity in *one-shot, without any retraining*, at minimal loss of accuracy. This is achieved via a new pruning method called `SparseGPT`, specifically designed to work efficiently and accurately on massive GPT-family models. We can execute `SparseGPT` on the largest available open-source models, OPT-175B and BLOOM-176B, in under 4.5 hours, and can reach 60% unstructured sparsity with negligible increase in perplexity: remarkably, more than 100 billion weights from these models can be ignored at inference time. `SparseGPT` generalizes to semi-structured (2:4 and 4:8) patterns, and is compatible with weight quantization approaches. The code is available at: https://github.com/IST-DASLab/sparsegpt.
Submission Number: 4622