- Keywords: data-efficient, benchmark, image classification
- TL;DR: We present a benchmark for data-efficient image classification with 6 different datasets and re-evaluation of 8 state-of-the-art methods
- Abstract: Data-efficient image classification using deep neural networks in settings, where only small amounts of labeled data are available, has been an active research area in the recent past. However, an objective comparison between published methods is difficult, since existing works use different datasets for evaluation and often compare against untuned baselines with default hyper-parameters. We design a benchmark for data-efficient image classification consisting of six diverse datasets spanning various domains (e.g., natural images, medical imagery, satellite data) and data types (RGB, grayscale, multispectral). Using this benchmark, we re-evaluate the standard cross-entropy baseline and eight methods for data-efficient deep learning published between 2017 and 2021 at renowned venues. For a fair and realistic comparison, we carefully tune the hyper-parameters of all methods on each dataset. Surprisingly, we find that tuning learning rate, weight decay, and batch size on a separate validation split results in a highly competitive baseline, which outperforms all but one specialized method and performs competitively to the remaining one.