Functional Renyi Differential Privacy for Generative Modeling

Published: 23 Jun 2023, Last Modified: 05 Jul 2023DeployableGenerativeAIEveryoneRevisions
Keywords: Renyi differential privacy, RKHS, MMD, Gaussian process, generative model
TL;DR: An extension of RDP to functional space, with an application in differentially private generative models
Abstract: Recently, R\'enyi differential privacy (RDP) becomes an alternative to the ordinary differential privacy (DP) notion, for its convenient compositional rules and flexibility. However, existing mechanisms with RDP guarantees are based on randomizing a fixed, finite-dimensional vector output. In this work, following Hall et al. (2013) we further extend RDP to functional outputs, where the output space can be infinite-dimensional, and develop all necessary tools, e.g. (subsampled) Gaussian mechanism, composition, and post-processing rules, to facilitate its practical adoption. As an illustration, we apply functional RDP (f-RDP) to functions in the reproducing kernel Hilbert space (RKHS) to develop a differentially private generative model (DPGM), where training can be interpreted as releasing loss functions (in an RKHS) with RDP guarantees. Empirically, the new training paradigm achieves a significant improvement in privacy-utility trade-off compared to existing alternatives when $\epsilon=0.2$.
Submission Number: 18