Graph Parsing Networks

Published: 16 Jan 2024, Last Modified: 05 Mar 2024ICLR 2024 posterEveryoneRevisionsBibTeX
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Keywords: GNN, graph pooling, parsing
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TL;DR: In this paper, we propose an efficient parsing algorithm to infer the graph pooling structure and enable the model to learn personalized pooling structure for each individual graph.
Abstract: Graph pooling compresses graph information into a compact representation. State-of-the-art graph pooling methods follow a hierarchical approach, which reduces the graph size step-by-step. These methods must balance memory efficiency with preserving node information, depending on whether they use node dropping or node clustering. Additionally, fixed pooling ratios or numbers of pooling layers are predefined for all graphs, which prevents personalized pooling structures from being captured for each individual graph. In this work, inspired by bottom-up grammar induction, we propose an efficient graph parsing algorithm to infer the pooling structure, which then drives graph pooling. The resulting Graph Parsing Network (GPN) adaptively learns personalized pooling structure for each individual graph. GPN benefits from the discrete assignments generated by the graph parsing algorithm, allowing good memory efficiency while preserving node information intact. Experimental results on standard benchmarks demonstrate that GPN outperforms state-of-the-art graph pooling methods in graph classification tasks while being able to achieve competitive performance in node classification tasks. We also conduct a graph reconstruction task to show GPN's ability to preserve node information and measure both memory and time efficiency through relevant tests.
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Primary Area: learning on graphs and other geometries & topologies
Submission Number: 9196